Analysis of the development status of the mold industry
Mold is an important process equipment in material forming and processing. The products it can produce are often many times the value of the mold itself. Using molds, it is easy to mass produce a large number of valuable parts that meet quality requirements. . Therefore, molds are widely used in machinery, electronics, automobiles, information, aviation, aerospace, light industry, military industry, transportation, building materials, medical, biological, energy and other industries. About 60%-80% of the components in the above industries require Rely on mold processing and molding.
Therefore, the level of mold manufacturing has become an important indicator of a country's manufacturing level. Not only that, the rapid development of the mold industry can also give strong support to the manufacturing industry. The industry driving ratio of the mold industry is about 1:100, that is, the development of the mold industry is 100 million yuan, which can drive the development of related industries to 10 billion yuan.
my country's mold industry started late, but its development speed is very rapid. Thirty years of development has made my country a major country in mold manufacturing and consumption in the world, and has established a mold industry system. my country's mold sales in 2017 exceeded 200 billion yuan, and China's mold consumption value of 243.3 billion supported 27 trillion yuan in product manufacturing. Qin Ke, secretary-general of China Die & Mould Industry Association, stated at the "Mold and Modern Manufacturing Report" held on the afternoon of April 10 this year that my country’s mold companies are well-equipped and the mold manufacturing ecosystem is healthy. The effect is remarkable. Boosting the development of China’s equipment manufacturing industry, market-led capacity enhancement is reflected in the core parts manufacturing enterprises in the integrated industrial chain, and the mold industry that provides support and support services for consumption such as automobiles and consumer electronics is an indispensable important for these manufacturing industries. component.
Especially in recent years, with the rapid development of my country's automobile industry, electronic information, home appliances, building materials and machinery industries, the mold industry has achieved rapid development. According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, the total industrial output value of my country's mold industry has risen from 136.731 billion yuan in 2010 to 240.091 billion yuan in 2016 and reached a new level of 250.99 billion yuan in 2017.
However, between 2010 and 2016, my country's mold production fluctuated. In 2016, my country's mold output was approximately 17.23 million sets, a decrease of 0.46% from the same period last year.
The total industrial output value of the mold industry has continued to grow. At present, although my country's total mold production has been among the world's forefront, there are many mold companies. However, the level of mold design and manufacturing is generally lagging behind Germany, the United States and other countries. The specific manifestation is that the supply of molds with low technical content has exceeded demand, and the medium and high-end molds with higher technical content are far from being able to meet the needs of national economic development, such as A large part of high-end molds such as precision and complex stamping molds and plastic molds, car cover molds, electronic connectors and other electronic product molds still rely on imports.
Analysis of the future trend of the mold industry
First of all, the technology of the mold industry has been comprehensively upgraded. In order to adapt to the new situation, my country's mold industry has continuously improved its technical level in recent years. Many companies have applied CAD/CAE/CAM integration technology, three-dimensional design technology, ERP and IM3 and other information management technologies, as well as high-speed processing, rapid prototyping, virtual simulation, robotics, intelligent manufacturing, and network technologies. There are more and more companies with various quality system certifications year by year.
In general, mold companies should continue to learn advanced technology in the production process, and strive to develop in the direction of management informationization, technology integration, sophisticated equipment, digital manufacturing, refinement, high-speed processing and automation.
Second, the economies of scale are significant, and cluster development is expected to accelerate. While the specialization of "small but specialized" continues to develop, in recent years, the effect of scale has been paid more and more attention. In addition to making the enterprise bigger and bigger, and generating benefits from the economies of scale, the mold cluster production also continues to show its superiority. Therefore, various cluster production forms such as "Mold City", "Mold Park" and "Mold Production Base" have developed rapidly throughout the country.
Third, attach importance to brand patents and strengthen innovative research and development. For a long time, molds have been in a "rear" and "passive" position. Therefore, there are few "brands" and "patents". With the development of the market economy, in recent years, mold companies have paid more and more attention to "brands" and "patents." Some companies have realized the importance of innovative research and development, and their investment has increased rapidly.
Fourth, the training of talents in the mold industry has increased. Although the workforce of my country's mold industry has developed rapidly in recent years, it is estimated that it has reached nearly one million people, but it still cannot keep up with the development needs of the industry. First, the total amount is insufficient, and the second is the lack of quality to meet the needs of industry development. According to the survey, there is a shortage of 300-500,000 employees in the mold industry across the country, of which engineering and technical personnel account for about 20%. At present, high-quality and high-level mold enterprise management personnel, middle and high-level technical personnel and senior technical workers are especially in short supply.
Finally, import dependence remains high. Although my country's mold industry has entered the fast lane of development, a number of enterprise innovations in the mold industry in my country have also entered a new stage of shifting from tracking to tracking and parallel operations. Some enterprises have entered the first phalanx of international manufacturing. However, in terms of accuracy, life span, manufacturing cycle and capability, there is still a big gap compared with the international level and advanced industrial countries, so it cannot meet the needs of my country's manufacturing development. Especially in terms of precision, large, complex, and long-life molds, the demand is still in short supply, and a large amount of imports are still needed every year. According to customs statistics, the total value of China's mold imports and exports in 2017 was 7.54 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 11.01% year-on-year. Among them, the total import value was US$2.051 billion, an increase of 2.43% year-on-year; the total export value was US$5.490 billion, an increase of 14.61% year-on-year.
The export growth rate is far greater than the export growth rate, which also shows that my country's mold industry has made extraordinary progress. In the future, my country's mold products will continue to develop in the direction of large-scale (multi-process, multi-component, multi-cavity) precision, high performance, and integration. Mold companies have long changed from processing according to drawings to integrating the downstream users of molds into product design and forming research. While providing molds and mold forming processes, they also provide peripheral equipment for mold forming, that is, mold manufacturers are still working with downstream customers of molds. The partner integrator who provides the product. Reconstructing the relationship between molds and users, and providing differentiated, customized, personalized and accurate services for zero (parts) forming a new model of overall solutions, making mold companies an important part of the inseparable molding equipment support for downstream customers in the future.
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